A1/A2 English - Comparatives

In this lesson, we will look at comparing 2 nouns using a comparative adjective. Discover essential A1/A2 English grammar principles on this page, tailored for beginners seeking a solid foundation in language learning


The type of comparative we use depends on the number of syllables in the word.

What is a syllable?

A syllable is a single sound within a word, putting syllables together can create a whole word. For example:

Pi-zza→ 2 syllables
in-ter-es-ting → 4 syllables
run → 1 syllable

Single syllable Adjectives

To make a comparative, we add an -er to the end of the adjective.

New → newer → This model is newer than that model
Tall → taller → He is taller than Paul
Big → Bigger → An elephant is bigger than a mouse

When an adjective already ends in -e, we  just add -r to the end:

large → larger → The man is larger than his brother.
pale → paler → They are paler than yesterday.

Adjectives with 2+ syllables

If an adjective has 2 syllables only and also ends in a ‘y’, then we remove the ‘y’ and add -ier.

Sleepy → Sleepier → I am sleepier than earlier.
happy → happier → I am happier than ever!
angry → angrier → I am angrier than last time!

For all other adjectives with 2+ syllables, we add more before the adjective.

Interesting → more interesting → This class is more interesting that that one
stressful → more stressful → This project is more stressful than ever
exciting → more exciting → That ride was more exciting than that one.

Irregular Adjectives

goodbad and far, little and many/much have irregular forms:

good → better → I am better than him.
bad → worse → He is worse than me.
many/much → more → There is more in the bottle than the cup

The dog is (big) than the cat.

The cat is (cute) the man.

The dog is (beautiful) than the man

The woman is (good) than the dog at speaking

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